This film from Senegalese film-maker Ousmane Sembene, generally hailed as the ‘Father of African Cinema’, is set in the colonial era as French troops abduct young African men to fight for them in World War II. Despite the lack of smooth production techniques, it offers a more plural, ambiguous vision of African history, social structure, and culture.
Little Fugitive was made at a minuscule budget of $30,000 and shot on-location with hand-held 35mm cameras that couldn’t record sound (background noises and sparse dialogues were added in post-production). Although the film was turned down by major US distributors, it went on to score an Oscar nomination (Best Writing) and a Silver Lion Award at Venice Film Festival. Moreover, in 1997 it was selected for preservation Library of Congress, the world’s largest library. Plot? A seven-year-old boy Joey runs away to Coney Island and has a jolly good time. But you shouldn’t underestimate the marvelous uniqueness of this great independent film just by its simple plot.
Yasujiro Ozu’s last black-and-white film was not only one of his most obscure works but also his darkest (also the only post-war Ozu film to be set in winter). The film unfolds from the perspective two motherless adult daughters of a middle-aged banker, who are very unsatisfied with their respective lives. Their mother ran off with another man when the girls were kids (during wartime). The mother’s sudden appearance now in Tokyo disturbs the already despair-filled daughters. Tokyo Twilight is a haunting film about denied love, made indelibly poignant by the trademark Ozu stylizations and phenomenal cast (which includes Chishu Ryu, Setsuko Hara, and Ineko Arima).
Afonya is one of the best Soviet comedies made in the 1970s (a list that includes The Irony of Fate, Office Romance, etc). Directed by Georgian Georgiy Danelia, the film reminds us of Fellini’s works, especially in the way film-maker observes life with all its sadness and happiness. The movie revolves around a self-absorbed middle-aged guy, who works as a plumber. He has a tendency to drink excessively and imagine ideal fantasies to root out the immense dissatisfaction of the mundane, urban life.
Film critics and scholars often cite Baby Face as one of the significant and controversial movies of pre-code era. It’s considered to be the last straw that propelled 'the powers that be' to bring about censorship rules. When the Hays Code went into effect, Baby Face was pulled from theatres and heavily censored. Set in the late 1920s with Prohibition era still in effect, the film tells the story of a young woman who unapologetically goes after the things she desires in life (and don’t get punished for that like the 40s femme fatale characters in film-noirs). Even by today’s standards, the raw sexual power let loose on-screen by the great Barbara Stanwyck retains its boldness and cool efficiency.
Ucho aka Ear (1970)
Czech film-maker Karel Kachyna’s The Ear was one of the most politically explosive movies to come out of the Czechoslovak New Wave. The film was withheld from circulation immediately upon completion and was screened at Cannes (in 1990) only after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The events in the film unfold over a very long night, which also extends into the following morning. The protagonist is a Communist party bureaucrat named Ludvik, rapidly raising the ranks of power. He returns to his home with his wife from a party, only to find his front gate open, phone dead, and a car parked in the street. They both immediately go into panic mode and start recalling the evening conversations at the party to find signs of whether he is put under surveillance by the high-command. The film’s innovative pared-down aesthetics brilliantly evoke the climate of fear in a totalitarian society.
Cairo Station (aka ‘Bab el hadid’) could serve as fine introduction point to one of Egypt’s most renowned and controversial film-maker, Youssef Chahine (1926-2008). Considered to be Chahine’s first artistic breakthrough, Cairo Station was one part social commentary in the vein of Italian neorealism, one part lighthearted comedy, and one part psycho-sexual horror. And it’s captivating how the film-maker masterfully merges all these different styles.
Francesco Rosi is one of my favorite political film-makers whose films show deep understanding of the power structures. In the stunningly visualized Hands Over the City, Rosi tells the story of a unscrupulous land developer in the post-World War II Italy. Anchored by the fierce performance of Rod Steiger, the film portrays how power and money breaks up institutions that were established to serve people.
Fred Schepisi, one of the leading directors of the Australian New Wave cinema, for his second feature-film opted to adapt Thomas Keneally’s 1972 Booker-Prize shortlisted novel The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith. Keneally’s Jimme Blacksmith is a fictional reconstruction of Jimmie Governor, a half-caste Aboriginal man, who embarked upon a path of grim revenge after suffering injustices at the hands of dominant Anglo-Australians. Although nominated for Palme d’Or at 1978 Cannes Film Festival, the film was a commercial failure. However, this is one of the most powerful Australian cinema as it seeks to scrutinize the inherent hypocrisy and prejudices held within a colonial society.
Originally written as a one-hour live TV teleplay by Rod Serling (the future writer of ‘The Twilight Zone’), Patterns is a brief yet ponderous look at the pressures within the executive suites of big-business. Fed Staples, a decent, modest man running small operations in the rural dye plant is recruited for a top position by the ruthless industrial conglomerate Ramsey (the intense Everett Sloane). The motive behind the recruitment is to oust aging vice-President, Bill Briggs (Ed Begley), whose business ethics is at odds with Ramsay’s. However, Bill and Staples soon become pals, which only intensify Ramsay’s actions to force Bill out the door. ‘Patterns’ is filled with great, fiery verbal exchanges, made doubly memorable by its skilled cast.